China factory Universal Joint for Steering Column

Product Description

We are 1 of the leading of universal joint manufacturer in China. Our factory has developed and produced more than 1 hundred kinds of u-joints which used for Japanese, American and European vehicle, engineering machinery and heavy earth moving equipment, agricultural machinery. At present our products have been exported to U. S. A., Europe, South Asia and Africa and can been used for TOTOYA, HODA, ISUZU, MITSUBISHI, CATERPILLAR, CHINAMFG and so on vehicle and machinery. If you are interested in our products I’ll send the detail information or samples to you.


PART NO. D(mm) L (mm)
ZY571 13 38
ZY571 14 39.5
ZY1438 14 38
ZY1538 15 38.1
ZY1638 16 38.5
ZY1641 16 41
ZY1643 16 43
ZY1847 18 47
ZY1944 19 44
ZY2044 20 44
ZY2055 20 55

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Condition: New
Color: Natural Color
Certification: Ts16949
Structure: Single
Material: Alloy Steel
Type: Cold Forging
US$ 0.74/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

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cardan shaft

What are the potential challenges in designing and manufacturing cardan joints?

Designing and manufacturing cardan joints can present several challenges that need to be carefully addressed to ensure the functionality, durability, and performance of the joint. Here’s a detailed explanation of the potential challenges in designing and manufacturing cardan joints:

  1. Misalignment Compensation: One of the primary challenges is designing the joint to effectively compensate for misalignments between the input and output shafts. The joint must accommodate angular, parallel, and axial misalignments while maintaining smooth torque transmission and minimizing stress concentrations.
  2. Load Capacity and Torque Transmission: Cardan joints are often used in applications that require the transmission of high torque and handling substantial loads. Designing the joint to withstand these loads while ensuring efficient torque transmission can be a challenge. It involves selecting appropriate materials, optimizing the joint’s geometry, and considering factors like bearing capacity and fatigue resistance.
  3. Bearing Arrangement: Proper bearing arrangement is crucial for the smooth operation and longevity of the cardan joint. Ensuring adequate support and load distribution on the bearings can be challenging, especially in applications with high speeds, heavy loads, or extreme operating conditions. The design must consider factors such as bearing type, size, lubrication, and alignment to optimize performance.
  4. Compact Design: Cardan joints are often used in systems with limited space, requiring a compact design. Designing a compact joint while maintaining its mechanical properties, load capacity, and misalignment compensation capabilities can be challenging. It involves optimizing the joint’s dimensions, yoke or flange design, and component arrangement to fit within the given space constraints.
  5. Torsional Rigidity and Vibration: Cardan joints introduce some level of torsional compliance due to their flexible nature. Excessive torsional compliance can lead to vibrations, power loss, and reduced system performance. Designing the joint to provide adequate torsional rigidity while still accommodating misalignments is a challenge that requires careful consideration of the joint’s materials, cross-sectional geometry, and manufacturing processes.
  6. Manufacturability and Precision: Manufacturing cardan joints with the required precision and quality can be challenging. The joint’s components, such as yokes, cross members, and bearings, need to be manufactured to close tolerances and assembled accurately. Specialized manufacturing techniques, such as forging, machining, and heat treatment, may be required to achieve the desired mechanical properties and dimensional accuracy.
  7. Material Selection: Selecting the appropriate materials for cardan joints is critical for their performance and durability. The materials must possess high strength, fatigue resistance, and wear resistance to withstand the operating conditions and loads. Balancing material properties, cost considerations, and manufacturability can be challenging during the design process.
  8. Quality Control and Testing: Ensuring the quality and reliability of cardan joints requires comprehensive testing and quality control measures. Conducting tests to evaluate factors such as torque capacity, misalignment compensation, fatigue life, and dimensional accuracy can be challenging. Implementing effective quality control procedures throughout the manufacturing process is essential to identify and rectify any potential issues.

Addressing these challenges requires a multidisciplinary approach, involving engineering expertise in areas such as mechanical design, materials science, manufacturing processes, and quality assurance. Collaboration between design engineers, manufacturing engineers, and quality control personnel is crucial to overcome these challenges and produce high-quality cardan joints.

It is important to note that the specific challenges may vary depending on the application requirements, industry standards, and operating conditions. Continuous research, development, and advancements in design and manufacturing techniques contribute to overcoming these challenges and improving the performance and reliability of cardan joints.

cardan shaft

Can cardan joints be used in robotics and automation?

Yes, cardan joints can be used in robotics and automation applications, depending on the specific requirements and constraints of the system. Cardan joints offer certain advantages and considerations that make them suitable for certain robotic and automation tasks. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Flexibility and Misalignment Compensation: Cardan joints are designed to accommodate misalignment between rotating shafts. In robotics and automation, where multiple axes of movement are often involved, cardan joints can provide the necessary flexibility to handle misalignments and angular variations. They can compensate for misalignments resulting from assembly tolerances, thermal expansion, or mechanical deflections, allowing smooth and continuous motion.

2. Torque Transmission: Cardan joints are capable of transmitting torque between shafts at various angles. In robotics and automation, where power needs to be transferred between different components or joints, cardan joints can efficiently transmit torque, even when the shafts are not perfectly aligned. This enables the robot or automated system to perform complex tasks involving multi-axis motion and power transmission.

3. Rotational Freedom: Cardan joints provide rotational freedom and allow for angular movement. This is advantageous in robotics and automation applications where the system requires articulation and maneuverability. The universal joint design of cardan joints allows for smooth rotation and enables the robot or automated system to reach different orientations and perform tasks in various configurations.

4. Compact Design: Cardan joints have a relatively compact design, which can be beneficial in space-constrained robotics and automation setups. The compact size allows for efficient integration into robotic arms, end-effectors, or other automated mechanisms, minimizing the overall footprint and maximizing the utilization of available space.

5. Considerations for Precision and Backlash: When considering the use of cardan joints in robotics and automation, it’s important to account for precision requirements. Cardan joints have inherent clearances or play, which can introduce backlash and affect the system’s accuracy. In applications where high precision is crucial, additional measures such as backlash compensation mechanisms or precision-aligned cardan joints may be necessary.

It’s important to note that the suitability of cardan joints in robotics and automation depends on the specific application requirements, load conditions, precision needs, and other factors. Careful evaluation, system design, and integration are necessary to ensure that the cardan joints function optimally and meet the desired performance criteria.

When considering the use of cardan joints in robotics and automation, it is advisable to consult with engineers or experts specializing in robotics, automation, and power transmission systems. They can provide valuable insights and guidance on the selection, integration, and maintenance of cardan joints for specific robotic and automation applications.

cardan shaft

What is a cardan joint and how does it work?

A cardan joint, also known as a universal joint or U-joint, is a mechanical coupling used to transmit rotational motion between two shafts that are not collinear or have a constant angular relationship. It provides flexibility and accommodates misalignment between the shafts. Here’s a detailed explanation of how a cardan joint works:

A cardan joint consists of three main components: two yokes and a cross-shaped member called the cross or spider. The yokes are attached to the ends of the shafts that need to be connected, while the cross sits in the center, connecting the yokes.

The cross has four arms that intersect at a central point, forming a cross shape. Each arm has a bearing surface or trunnion on which the yoke of the corresponding shaft is mounted. The yokes are typically fork-shaped and have holes or bearings to accommodate the trunnions of the cross.

When the input shaft rotates, it transfers the rotational motion to one of the yokes. The cross, being connected to both yokes, transmits this motion to the other yoke and subsequently to the output shaft.

The key feature of a cardan joint is its ability to accommodate misalignment between the input and output shafts. This misalignment can be angular, axial, or both. As the input and output shafts are not collinear, the angles between the shafts cause the yokes to rotate at different speeds during operation.

The universal joint’s design allows the cross to rotate freely within the yokes, while still transferring motion from one shaft to the other. When the input shaft rotates, the yoke connected to it rotates with the shaft. This rotation causes the cross to tilt, as the other yoke is fixed to the output shaft. As a result, the angle between the arms of the cross changes, allowing for the compensation of misalignment.

As the cross tilts, the relative speeds of the yokes change, but the rotational motion is still transferred to the output shaft. The cardan joint effectively converts the input shaft’s rotation into a modified rotation at the output shaft, accommodating the misalignment between the two shafts.

It’s important to note that while cardan joints provide flexibility and can handle misalignment, they introduce certain limitations. These include non-uniform motion, increased vibration, backlash, and potential loss of efficiency at extreme operating angles. Regular maintenance, proper lubrication, and adherence to manufacturer guidelines are essential to ensure the optimal performance and longevity of cardan joints.

China factory Universal Joint for Steering Column  China factory Universal Joint for Steering Column
editor by CX 2024-01-17